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Impact simulation of asteroid hitting land surface

Simulation A1
Diameter Impact speed Impact angle
12 km 20 km/s 45°
Final crater produced: 120-140 km
Simulation: Dr. Elisabetta Pierazzo, Planetary Science Institute, AZ using the code SOVA.
Colors represent different materials
Color intensity represents material density
Colored dots show level of shock of the impacted materials:
Red - Material begins to vaporize
Yellow-Green - Material is melted
Cyan-Blue - Material begins to melt
Magenta - Material is broken up but still solid.
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