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Painting Gallery: Mars

092 --MARS Explorers in dry channel104 - Exploring Mars
092 --Mars Explorers in dry channel. An early painting of Mars, in 1979. This was painted on site in a dry wash in Death Valley National Park, a few years after our Mariner 9 imaging team discovered dry river beds on Mars. I was struck by the similarity of the Death Valley wash to what we had seen on Mars. I changed the sky color and inserted astronauts to simulate a hoped-for expedition that might allow human exploration and sampling of the ancient Martian channels. (Copyright William K. Hartmann).104 -- Exploring Mars. Stratified outcrops, such as shown here, will be a target of interest in order to assess soils of different ages that might allow us to reconstruct ancient Martian environmental conditions. (Copyright William K. Hartmann).

141 -- MARS polar sunset149 - Discovering a Geothermal Steam Vent in a Caldera on Mars
141 -- Mars polar sunset. (Copyright William K. Hartmann).149 -- Discovering a Geothermal Steam Vent in a Caldera on Mars. This was painted at Kilauea caldera in Hawaii. (Copyright William K. Hartmann).

184 -- MARS pahoehoe lava 209 - First in the Dunes of Mars
184 -- Mars pahoehoe lava Painted in 1982 on a lava flow in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, at the foot of the “pali” (cliff) produced by fractures around the east base of Kilauea volcano. Background is the slope of Kiluaea, streaked by older and younger lava flows, and foreground shows textures of lava flows. As usual, I removed terrestrial vegetation (Hawaiian palm trees, etc.) inserted mid-distance dunes to represent Mars. The bluish sky color was based on my assumption that the extremely high volcanoes of Mars (75,000 feet, roughly three times the elevation of Mt. Everest) might be above the Martian dust pall that creates pinkish-grey skies on Mars, as represented in the 1976 Viking lander photos. (Copyright William K. Hartmann).209 -- First in the Dunes of Mars. Mars Global Surveyor has increased the sense from earlier missions that dust drifts and dunes are important land forms, and that much of Mars is blanketed by deposits of dust. This was painted at Death Valley National Monument, California. (Copyright William K. Hartmann).

211 - Drilling station in the Martian polar terrain 238 --Mars sample return
211 -- Drilling station in the Martian polar terrain. The stratified deposits at both Martian poles are an interesting target for exploration. The strata appear to have been built up over many cycles of climatic variation, possibly associated with cycles of change in Mars' axial tilt. Also, this terrain may mark areas where frozen H2O ice melted during some climate cycles. Ancient sediments might be especially important in revealing early condition that could have fostered microbial life on Mars. Drilling stations might be one way to obtain good records of the stratigraphy. (Copyright William K. Hartmann).238 --Mars sample return. This was painted in 1985 when there were serious possibilities for US/Russian cooperative missions to Mars as a way of reducing interantional tensions. In this concept, the Russians would build a lander with limited sample measurements and return capability, but also a sample return vehicle (as they had demonstrated on the moon). Amercians would build a rover that could collect samples with limited measurements and return them to the return vehicle. If either mission succeeded, we’d have new data, but if both succeeded, we’d have long-sought samples from known locations on Mars. (Copyright William K. Hartmann).

384 - First on Mars410 -- Mars polar lander

384 -- First on Mars. In this visualization, a robotic supply ship has been set down on Mars prior to the human landing (background). Once it is known to be on the surface in working order, astronauts land in a second vehicle (right). The Mars landscape in this view was sketched from volcanic and sand-dune terrain in the Pinacate lava fields of Sonora, Mexico. (Copyright William K. Hartmann).

410 -- Mars polar lander. This was commissioned in 1994 for a proposed Mars polar mission. Collection of David Paige. (Copyright William K. Hartmann).

498 – Dust Devil on Mars517 - Martian volcanic eruption in the distance

498 – Dust Devil on Mars. Painted outdoors on site during a workshop of the International Association of Astronomical Artists at Monument Valley Navajo Tribal Park. (Copyright William K. Hartmann).

517 - Martian volcanic eruption in the distance.An astronaut on Mars views a volcanic eruption on a distant Martian shield volcano. (Copyright William K. Hartmann).

521 - Creating a hillside gully on Mars.533 - Origin of microbial life on Noachian Mars

521 - Creating a hillside gully on Mars. The Mars Global Surveyor mission discovered many hillside gullies on Mars with deltaic soil deposits at the bottom.  I studied and climbed around on almost identical gullies on hills in Iceland, and published a paper about them with Icelandic geologist Thorsteinn Thorsteinnson.  This view (painted from nature by a desert hillside near Tucson, Arizona) shows apossible mode of origin for at least some of the Martian gullies:  Water is escaping from an aquifer outcrop on the hillside, eroding a downslope gully (and also evaporating into clouds of water vapor.) . (Copyright William K. Hartmann).

533 - Origin of microbial life on Noachian Mars. This was painted from nature in Yellowstone National Park, where heat-loving bacteria create colors around hot springs.  In some theories, life on earth originated microbes in hot springs (and sea floor thermal vents).  Mars, in its (Noachian) era when the atmosphere was thicker and liquid water flowed on the surface, could have had a similar development. This view includes a steaming vent and thick clouds in the Martian sky. (Copyright William K. Hartmann).

534 - Strata in the wall of a Martian gully

534 - Strata in the wall of a Martian gully. This "Martian" scene was painted from nature in Slot Canyon in Anza-Borrego Desert State Park in southern California.  Such canyons could have been cut into weak sediments during water flow on early Mars.  Observe carefully.  Is that a Martian fossil that I inserted into a stratum in the lower left quadrant? (Copyright William K. Hartmann).


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